2021. N 1

Social problems of social development

Social dimensions of the quality of managerial work

On the basis of many years sociological research author determines the main directions of enterprise’s managers activity which characterizes by the efficiency and quality of decisions making; by human-oriented management system, the personnel involvement in solving socially significant problems, the integrated development of knowledge, skills and competencies of various professional qualification and status groups of employees. As well the data of the social assessment of management quality are presented taking into account the compliance with the conditions of personnel labor activity, satisfaction and employees social well-being in various production and economic situations. The article establishes the reasons that restrain the personnel initiative and entrepreneurship as well determines the professional orientations of employees.


Resilience of social systems: the essence of the concept and its applicability at different levels of society

The article deals with the specific interdisciplinary phenomenon of resilience, which is able to penetrate into various branches of knowledge, such as sociology, public administration, and ecosystem management, at the theoretical and conceptual level. The authors consider it fruitful to transfer the study of this phenomenon at the level of an individual to society, social systems, management systems, and control subsystems. Aspects of the applicability of the concept of resilience at the level of social and socio-economic systems, as well as at the level of managing entities in the context of their management activities are analyzed. The essence, content features and tools for assessing and strengthening the resilience of the socioeconomic system are determined.


Perfectionism in social and labour relations

The article considers internal personal and external organizational restrictive factors of perfectionism which provide basis for distinguishing types of perfectionism at the level of personal construct and personnel behavior aimed at successful combination of perfectionistic mindset, typical of such workers, and socially valuable objectives by means of identifying the root motive of activity and applying adequate forms of external motivation.


Influence of socio-psychological determinants on the professional role behavior of sergeants undergoing military service under contract

The article presents the features of professional role behavior of contract sergeants, reveals the main aspects that affect the effectiveness of activities and psychological conditions that contribute to the improvement of professional activities of this category of military personnel. it is emphasized that the professional performance of the role depends on the understanding of the specifics of the role, needs, motivation, orientation, self-esteem and consciousness, adaptability of the individual, communication skills, etc.


The importance of value-motivational meanings in the development of employees conflictological competence

The paper deals with the theoretical concepts of the essence of the conflict, studies the content and resources for the employees conflictological competence development. The results of an empirical analysis of the value foundations of the employees’ performance in the financial-credit sector are presented. It justifies the importance of value-motivational meanings that determine employees' perceptions of professional activity goals and their interpretation of successful professional behavior, in the processes of formation the constructive behavior models in a conflict situation is substantiated.


Manipulation of consciousness in the travelling sphere

Following article researches the specific features of marketing in the tourism field, that affects the mass consciousness of society and can be related to manipulation of consciousness. The reality of the travelling sector during the coronavirus pandemic and the societal reaction of society to the imposed restrictions on movement are analyzed. Examples of psychological techniques that are aimed at establishing certain value attitudes in society examined.


Value orientations of youth and a new quality of teaching staff

Education of youth and a news quality of teaching staff

The article analyzes the processes of youth education, defines reflex social and socio-professional actions carried out to achieve goals, fix the life position of priorities in public contacts. The features of social health of young people and its dependence on the organization of the educational process, as well as the role of teachers in the processes of socialization and socio-professional orientation in social development and social contacts are empirically determined.


Study of satisfaction with the labor process of pedagogical workers of orphanages

The article is part of a complex of studies devoted to solving the problem of labor motivation of teachers in orphanages. In the process of conceptual analysis of the development of the theory of motivation and the characteristics of labor motivation of pedagogical workers in orphanages, it was determined that a decrease in labor activity of the considered professional group is associated with demotivating factors. These factors include: poor relations in the teaching staff; bad relations with the administration of the institution; dissatisfaction with the wage system, economic and moral incentives; shortcomings in the organization of work. The degree of satisfaction with the employee's personality is in this regard in direct proportion and can be measured by a set of assessments from various aspects of the professional activities of the employees of the institution. The article attempts to empirically diagnose the job satisfaction of pedagogical workers in orphanages in order to outline the ways of management decisions aimed at improving the social status of teachers in an organizational context.


Parenthood as a sociocultural phenomenon

The article deals with the nature and evolution of relations between parents and children, starting with the traditional type of family in the European Middle Ages. The reasons and peculiarities of changes in the then existing family structure are noted. The types of families that replace each other are considered. The study of changes in the value of parenting as a sociocultural phenomenon over many periods has been executed, and its possible development prospects have been identified.


Professional value orientations of modern student youth

This article discusses approaches to the definition of the concept of organizational competence of the modern student through the prism of value orientations and self-determination.


Interaction of educational institutions and organizations-employers in the context of digitalization

The article discusses the problem of effective interaction between educational institutions and organizations-employers in the context of digitalization of the economy. The authors substantiate the need to increase the degree of involvement of specialists from the practical field in the educational process and the involvement of young students in the professional environment. It has a positive effect not only on the development of professional competencies of future specialists and the training process, but also on the development of the employer's brand.


Social problems of personnel management

Generational conflicts in modern organizations and ways to solve them

The article notes that in the modern organizational environment, conflicts between representatives of different generations become relevant: baby-boomers, X, Y, Z. The main groups of differences among representatives of different generations are identified, which can be considered as potential causes of the conflict of generations. Possible ways to manage generational conflicts in the organization are proposed, the main of which is the style of cooperation, which allows to find opportunities for mutual synergy in the labor process for representatives of different generations.


Economic evaluation of organizational personnel management projects and calculation of regulatory costs

The methodology and basic elements of the business process of one-stage economic assessment of organizational projects for personnel management at Russian enterprises are presented. The features of the proposed methodology are based on the assumption of future digitalization and are associated with the need for a preliminary calculation of the maximum possible project costs, localization of the projects under consideration at operating enterprises and the mandatory separation of project goals for increasing sales or reducing the number of personnel. In accordance with the different objectives of the projects, a certain order and special indicators of decision-making are proposed. To determine the maximum possible costs for a personnel management project, a calculation model with four variables is proposed. Special indicators of decision-making include a single criterion - additional profit from sales with constant or growing profitability and the control characteristics of the enterprise.


Features of work with personnel in the IT sphere

The article is devoted to the distinctive characteristics of work with personnel in the IT sphere. The main task facing the authors was to analyze the positions and assess the attractiveness of the IT sphere in the labor market. The article presents the results of research on the level of wages in the IT industry. It also discusses the pros and cons of working in this area, as well as the main team management techniques - Scrum, Kanban and Burnout Diagram. The article analyzes the competitive advantage of the IT sphere relative to other areas of activity. The main features of the search and selection of IT specialists are revealed.


Corporate culture as a factor of increasing the success of the organization

The article discusses the relevance of corporate culture in organizations that want to be competitive in the market, have a positive internal and external image, those organizations that want to create innovative environment, as well considered interpretation of the definition of "corporate culture" of various authors, highlighted the basic problems that exist in the current corporate culture, identified the main risks to be faced by the Director and his team in solving selected problems and the action to overcome them.


Social problems of modern migration policy

Risk analysis of migrant workers in the host community of a large industrial city

This article examines the risks of incoming labor migration in St. Petersburg. We found out a lot of negative attitudes towards migrants and identified the risks that are common in the host society. Despite the government's attempts to create a favorable environment for the adaptation and integration of migrants, current efforts are not sufficient to overcome the risks of socio-professional and ethnic migration to the host community of St. Petersburg.


Searching for transnationalism online: review of web sites on migration issues in six languages

The paper presents the results of empirical study of web sites related to migration issues in Russian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek and Tajik languages. The authors seek to answer the following question: What sources of information on migration issues are common for various segments of the Internet? The authors discuss how the research results characterize dynamics of transnational migration in Russia. The study was supported by Russian Science Foundation, grant no. 18­78­10049


Social challenges of social transformations

Attitudes of russians and europeans with regard to the problem of climate change - skepticism or ambivalence?

Climate change of the earth is one of the most significant global problems for humanity, and its solution requires the joint efforts of countries, companies and people. So far, the scale and consolidation of efforts to resolve this problem between countries and within individual countries remain rather limited, and the results of the measures taken are more than uncertain. An important component in solving the problem of climate change is the support and broad participation of the population. Comparative data on attitudes and views of the population of different countries on the problem of climate change in the earth were obtained in the eighth wave of the European Social Research (ESS). Based on these data, an analysis is made of the structure of people's attitudes towards the problem of climate change in 23 European countries, including Russia, and the peculiarities of the perception of this problem by certain social groups. By now, the countries of "Greater Europe" have reached a relatively high consensus regarding the basic aspects of attitudes towards the problem of climate change - high public awareness of the problem, awareness and acceptance of it as a global threat to humanity, as well as its anthropogenic causes. However, with regard to attitudes that have a motivating meaning and influence the actual behavior of people or their political views in support of specific solutions aimed at combating climate change, the differences between European countries are very large. With only a few exceptions, readiness for joint action to tackle climate change in European societies is still very low. Russian society is distinguished by a particularly deep ambivalence in its views on the possible consequences of climate change, as well as in supporting various actions aimed at combating the problem.


Drivers of customer focus in corporate transport logistics

The article summarizes the results of a search study of the ideas of a customer-oriented approach in corporate transport logistics. Drivers of development of the customer-oriented approach in logistics of management of services of transport and logistics companies are revealed. The requirements and their characteristics for the information system to support customer-oriented logistics services offered by the corporation are determined due to the factors that affect the client: proximity to the client, availability for the client and flexibility with respect to the client.


School for young researchers

The influence of organizational culture on innovative activities of the enterprise

The article considers organizational culture as a factor contributing to the innovative development of enterprises. The main definitions and features of the organizational culture focused on innovation are given. The ways of supporting innovative behavior are analyzed. The role of organizational culture in the innovative activity of domestic and foreign enterprises is considered.


Comparative analysis of the use of social tools for personnel labor organization

The article examines the features of the organization of labor of specialists in HR administration and analyzes the possibilities and specifics of using innovative technologies to improve it. The analysis of existing software solutions and directions of their use is carried out. The risks associated with the introduction of new technologies in the organization are analyzed.


Innovative methods of human resources training

The quality of products or services provided depends on the knowledge, skills and abilities of the staff, and therefore the success of the entire business. It is important to pay attention to staff training and development as one of the key systems for achieving the organization's goals. In the modern world, the training system is being transformed, so it is necessary to analyse the experience of both Russian and foreign companies, namely, what training methods they use. When planning staff training and development, it is necessary to pay great attention not only to the goals, deadlines, expected results and impact, but also to the methods that will be applied, since they largely depend on the success of the entire system. In the modern world, there are also trends in changing the training system, which are important to notice and implement in your company in a timely manner.


Flexible iterative-incremental personnel management

The article discusses the characteristics, distinctive features and features of the implementation of the iterative-incremental method of personnel management. Team roles are analyzed, their varieties are presented, and the activities of personnel management are studied in the context of the implemented method in the work of companies in terms of the level of adaptability to digitalization and digitalization of processes. A statistical analysis of the involvement of Russian companies in the work using the method under consideration is carried out, possible risks are also identified and recommendations for the implementation and use of an innovative method of personnel management in a highly competitive environment are presented.


IT recruiting in the conditions of the digital transformation of society: factors of institutionalization and development prospects

This article analyzes the relationship between the development trends of modern society and the IT industry. The necessity of developing IT-recruiting as a separate direction of personnel management in the conditions of technological singularity and intellectualization of the economy has been substantiated. The content of the concept of IT recruiting, the necessary skills, the methods and their features are revealed.